What is a chemical peel?
A chemical peel is an exfoliation technique where a chemical substance is applied to the skin, causing the partial and controlled destruction of part of the skin in order to eliminate damaged cells and stimulate cell renewal. It rejuvenates the skin, increasing its radiance and removing certain imperfections.
Chemical peels are used to prevent and treat the first signs of ageing and, more specifically, to improve the texture and tone of the skin. They also improve a number of skin disorders such as acne, pigment spots and other superficial irregularities.
A peel can be superficial, medium or deep, depending on the number of skin layers to be exfoliated. We carry out superficial and medium peels.read more
Superficial peels strip several layers of the epidermis in order to treat imperfections of the skin caused by problems connected with oily skin (such as blackheads, microcysts and enlarged pores), as well as superficial pigment spots or to give more radiance to dull complexions. This treatment is ideal for skins that have been blemished by fatigue or smoking. The skin tone is refreshed and becomes more even and brighter.
The products used include fruit acids (AHAs), glycolic acid and trichloroethanoic acid (TCA).
Superficial peels are carried out over several sessions at 2 to 4-week intervals. On average, 4 to 6 sessions are required in order to obtain a result. The procedure, which takes from 15 to 20 minutes, is practically painless and only causes a mild tingling sensation for a few minutes.
After a superficial peel, the skin peels slightly for several days and requires the application of a moisturising cream. No break in professional or social activities is necessary.
Medium peels involve the exfoliation of the whole epidermis and upper part of the dermis. This means that the skin can be treated more deeply in order to correct the signs of ageing to the skin connected with exposure to the sun (fine lines, pigment spots, etc.), melasma (pregnancy mask), superficial scarring caused by acne and other irregularities in the texture of the skin.
Trichloroethanoic acid (TCA) is applied in several layers, sometimes in combination with other acids, in order to intensify the effect.
A medium peel does not usually require repeated sessions, but, depending on the condition in question, several sessions may be carried out at intervals of several months.
The procedure, which lasts from 30 to 45 minutes, is fairly painful while the product is being applied (a burning sensation for several minutes). However, taking a painkiller before the peel, combined with the application of cold air (with a fan) during the session, means that the treatment is easily tolerated.
The results of a medium peel are more far-reaching than those achieved by a superficial peel, as it is deeper. However, there are also more significant after effects. The skin remains red for 1 or 2 days, becoming drier and more cardboard-like and will visibly peel for 7 to 10 days. A break in social and professional activities for about 7 to 10 days should therefore be considered.
What you should know before and after a peel
Before a peel
All peels require preparation to the skin, irrespective of whether they are superficial or medium. This preparation should start between 2 to 4 weeks before the session. This stage is essential since it affects the results of the peel.
After a peel
After a peel, it is important not to expose the skin to the sun and to use a high-protection sun cream between the sessions, as well as for several weeks to several months after the peel.
A consultation before the peel will ascertain the type of peel you require, as well as the necessary care both before and after the peel.